On GNU/Linux you need to install some packages on top of a standard developer's environment. They are:
- avrdude (or, alternatively, uisp)
It took me some time to realize that avr-binutils and avr-gcc are not separate projects. They are the source packages of GNU binutils and gcc, exactly the same tar balls you would use for a PC target, but you compile them for the avr target.
Binary or source
You might find binary packages or install targets named avr-xxx for your Linux distribution. It should work without problems.
However, it is no big deal to compile the programs yourself once you have the source tarballs. I will describe installing the AVR environment from source.
At time of the third review of this text (August 2010), the sources are available for download from the following locations:
Your university's mirror might also be satisfactory.
These are the project home pages:
The usual details
In below command line examples, you obviously have to replace the version numbers with those you downloaded.
If you downloaded a .tar.gz package, use `tar xvzf' instead of `tar xvjf'.
If you already have an older version of any of the avr packages installed, it might cause some confusion. For example, the command `avr-gcc' might still call an older version, and the newer version's command would be something like `avr-gcc-3.4'. For clarity, try to get rid of older versions before calling `make install'.
Note that avr-libc has to be compiled with your avr-gcc. You may need to make sure that you compiled the avr-libc with the same avr-gcc you are using.
If you do not have write access to /usr/local/... or you don't want to mess with your packaging tool's structures, you can install the programs in your home directory. Simply add another parameter
to every command calling a `configure' script. For example:
../binutils-126.96.36.199.3/configure --target=avr --prefix=$HOME
You might need root access to install the programs (for compiling them, you don't). If you need root access, instead of `make && make install', use the commands
sudo make install
and enter your password when prompted.
Compile and install
Here are the commands needed to compile and install above packages.
Be sure to compile and install them in the order shown here.
You may need to install a few other things before you can build your AVR compilation suite.
- You need at least the "normal" gcc for basic compilation.
- On ubuntu 10.04, to be able to compile without problems, I had to install
- texinfo for binutils
- libmpc-dev, libgmp3-dev and libmpfr-dev for gcc
- bison, flex for avrdude
(Note that ubuntu does have pre-compiled binary packages gcc-avr, binutils-avr, avr-libc and avrdude, so no need to compile from source, really.)
tar xjf binutils-2.20.1.tar.bz2 mkdir build-binutils-2.20.1 cd build-binutils-2.20.1/ ../binutils-2.20.1/configure --target=avr make sudo make install
tar xjf gcc-4.5.1.tar.bz2 mkdir build-gcc-4.5.1 cd build-gcc-4.5.1 ../gcc-4.5.1/configure --target=avr --enable-languages=c make sudo make install
tar xjf avr-libc-1.6.7.tar.bz2 mkdir build-avr-libc-1.6.7 cd build-avr-libc-1.6.7/ ../avr-libc-1.6.7/configure --host=avr make sudo make install
tar xzf avrdude-5.10.tar.gz mkdir build-avrdude-5.10 cd build-avrdude-5.10/ ../avrdude-5.10/configure make sudo make install
If you encounter any problems, try other versions of the programs, or try to find out stuff in documentation or mailing lists of the programs. For example, gcc-3.3.3 is known not to work for the avr target.
I had the problem that avr-gcc could compile for an older ATMEL chip but not for any of the ATMEGAs. That was because I had different versions floating around, and had ignorantly built the avr-libc with a different avr-gcc version than the one I was using.
So again, make sure the right programs are used, and were used for compilation:
~$ avr-gcc --version
avr-gcc (GCC) 4.5.1
Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software; see the source for copying conditions. There is NO
warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.